Three realms: Operations Monitoring & Evaluation Change


The interactions concerning the Monitoring & Evaluation of Operations at a certain sociotechnical level (macro, meso, micro, pico) may be included in this dictionary, for example:

Material and Content Scope

The interface to the material stratum is limited, for instance via printed matter or the energy use of computing centers and communications devices.
In this realm the focus is on communications and the formulation of goals and targets, indicators and the collection of data, the interpretation of data, and other types of content (content life cycle).


As decision making is becoming increasingly knowledge intensive (and data-driven) there is a risk of excessive use of print, including for content that is only useful for a short period of time.

Possible Economies

Economies and shared value can be achieved by a "collaborative" adhering to the Principles for Digital Development, for instance via reuse (reusing content via social web solutions) and the use of open standards (much content can be easily accessed, navigated, analysed, and experimented with (simulation)).

Collective or Individual Action

Too little collective action would increase costs of monitoring and evaluation while reducing the diffusion of best practices: if peers measure different properties and performances, how could investments be allocated efficiently, or how could they practice benchmarking? And how to avoid that competitive pressures on price harm quality and service levels? In the monitoring and evaluation realm important synergies can be achieved by collective approaches.

The elements of monitoring & evaluation

The below figure from Driver-Goal-Gap pattern (Ens Wiki) uses the model elements and layers of the Archimate Architectural Framework for describing some of the elements of Monitoring and evaluation.

The elements of monitoring and evaluation in the Driver-Goal-Gap pattern (using ArchiMate's model elements)